EF7C. Stay Current—What Causes Thunderstorms and Tornadoes?

Staying current for Chapter 7 See Non-chronological Resources. { Energy Flow Contents } -•-2023-12-02. 2023 Hurricane Season Ends, Marked by Storms That ‘Really Rapidly Intensified’. [https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2023/12/02/us/hurricane-season-2023-rapid-intensification.html] By William B. Davis and Judson Jones, The New York Times. Excerpt: The 2023 hurricane seasons in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific came to an end this week, with both basins […]

EF6C. Stay Current—How Does Energy Flow in the Atmosphere?

Staying current for Chapter 6 { Energy Flow Contents } Water Cycle movieAtmospheric Circulation – 18 multimedia resources from Teachers’ Domain Earth and Space Science multimedia resources (movies and interactives). See also: GSS Climate Change. 2022-12-22. What Is the Polar Vortex? And Other Cold-Weather Climate Questions. [https://www.nytimes.com/2022/12/22/climate/polar-vortex-winter-cold-weather.html] By Henry Fountain, The New York Times. Excerpt: The polar […]

EF5C. Stay Current—What Is Light?

Staying current for Chapter 5 See non-chronological resources (bottom of this page) { Energy Flow Contents } 2023-05-09. Eavesdropping on the Vibrations of Earth’s Magnetic Bubble. [https://eos.org/articles/eavesdropping-on-the-vibrations-of-earths-magnetic-bubble] By Erin Martin-Jones, Eos/AGU. Excerpt: A NASA-funded crowdsourced science project has converted the unheard sounds resonating inside Earth’s magnetic shield into audible tracks, revealing an orchestra of whistles, […]

EF3C. Stay Current—What Heats the Earth’s Interior?

Staying current for Chapter 3 { Energy Flow Contents } California Earthquake animation site at USGS Deep Carbon Observatory 2023-07-26. The death of supercontinents brings diamonds to the surface. [https://www.science.org/content/article/death-supercontinents-brings-diamonds-surface] By Paul Voosen, Science. Excerpt: Forged under extreme temperatures and pressures more than 150 kilometers down in the mantle, diamonds ride rockets to reach Earth’s surface: […]

EF2C. Stay Current—Why Do Volcanoes Erupt?

Staying current for Chapter 2 See articles from: {2008–2020}-{2002–2007}. See non-chronological resources (bottom of this page) { Energy Flow Contents } 2023-08-28. A New, Underground Atlas of Subduction Zones. [https://eos.org/articles/a-new-underground-atlas-of-subduction-zones] By J. Besl, Eos/AGU. Excerpt: Subduction zones are complex. But mapping them is now as simple as cropping a family photo. That’s thanks to Submap, an […]

EF2C. 2002-2007 Why Do Volcanoes Erupt?

{ Energy Flow Contents } { All GSS Books } 2007 November 1. Is the ocean carbon sink sinking? RealClimate website. –David. Excerpt: The past few weeks and years have seen a bushel of papers finding that the natural world, in particular perhaps the ocean, is getting fed up with absorbing our CO2… evidence that the hypothesized carbon cycle […]

EF1C. Stay Current—What Is Energy?

Staying current for Chapter 1 { Energy Flow Contents } 2001 November. Birth of a Large Iceberg in Pine Island Bay, Antarctica [223kb PDF NASA Lithograph] This lithograph shows the break-off of a large tabular iceberg from the Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica. This event occurred between November 4th and 12th, 2001, and provides powerful evidence […]

EF9. How Does Energy Flow in Living Systems?

Chapter 9 { Energy Flow Contents } It’s a sunny spring day. Lush green grass from winter rainstorms carpets the hillside, punctuated here and there with ancient oak trees. Zooming in on one of the trees we see that it’s alive with hundreds of oak caterpillars, munching holes in the leaves. It’s a feast day […]

EF8. What is El Niño?

Chapter 8 { Energy Flow Contents } In the Peruvian hamlet of Chato Chico, after weeks of rain, Isaias Ipanaqué Silva watched the Piura River rising more than he had ever seen. Every several years, for as long as anyone in the village could remember, heavier than normal rainfall had come.  But never like this—five […]

EF7. What Causes Thunderstorms & Tornadoes?

Chapter 7 { Energy Flow Contents } “Dad was outside and Mom and I were getting dinner ready,” said Karen Knobloch, who lived with her parents on a farm in northwest Iowa.  “Dad came inside and said we’d better get to the basement. It hit when we were halfway down the steps.” Windows were blown […]